Possible Health Effects:
Arsenic: Ingestion of arsenic can lead to nervous system damage, cardiovascular issues, and urinary tract cancers. Inhalation and absorption through the skin can result in lung cancer and skin cancer, respectively.
Boron: Inhalation of boron can lead over the short-term to eye, nose, and throat irritation. Ingestion of large amounts, however, can result in damage to the testes, intestines, liver, kidneys, and brain, and eventually lead to death.
Chromium: Inhalation or ingestion of chromium can cause stomach and intestinal ulcers, anemia, and stomach cancer. Frequent inhalation can cause asthma, wheezing, and lung cancer.
Lead: Exposure to lead can result in brain swelling, kidney disease, cardiovascular problems, nervous system damage, and even death. It is accepted that there is no safe level of lead exposure, particularly for children.
Mercury: Mercury poses particular risk to children, infants, and fetuses. Impacts include nervous system damage and developmental defects like reduced IQ and mental retardation.
Radioactive Materials: Cancer is considered by most people to be the primary health effect from radiation exposure. Also, radiation exposure can cause changes in DNA. These changes can be passed on to children.
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHS): Health effects from chronic or long-term exposure to PAHs may include cataracts, kidney and liver damage and jaundice. Increased risk of skin, lung, bladder and gastrointestinal cancers. These studies have also reported asthma-like symptoms, lung function abnormalities, chronic bronchitis and decreased immune function.
Dioxins and Furans: Dioxins are highly toxic and can cause reproductive and developmental problems, damage the immune system, interfere with hormones and also cause cancer.
Download this fact sheet provided by BREDL in PDF form here.
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